Tim Gallwey - The Inner Game and origins of modern coaching
Timothy W. Gallwey (born 1938 in San Francisco) is an outstanding thinker in the field of personal development, professional development,...
Here you will find information about the history of coaching and mentoring
and key people who had an impact on their creation and development.
This information comes from special columns published
on the Empowerment Coaching blog.
We will venture to say that today it will be difficult to find another coaching portal,
where so much information on the history of coaching would be collected in one place.
The more so because we try to show the history of coaching development from different perspectives.
We also reach back to antiquity, and at the same time in one of the articles we try to show the history of coaching in a condensed way.
So, on the one hand you will have the opportunity to meet Socrates, Aristotle and Plato, on the other hand you will meet such famous names of modern coaching as Tim Gallwey, Sir John Whitmore and prof. David Clutterbuck, from the third, to understand how organizations of professional coaches were created and find out how they differ.
As of today, that's over 40 minutes of reading. The texts were created based on reliable sources of information and enriched with links to valuable websites.
Here you will find, among others, answers to the following questions about coaching:
If you are interested in biographies of people who were absolutely crucial to the development of coaching and mentoring, especially in Europe, you will also find biographies of the following people among the available articles.
And in them, among others, such curiosities as: the unusual way in which John Whitmore inherited the title of nobility; is it possible to be a creator of coaching and a racing driver at the same time; did David Clutterbuck ever work as a stand-up comedian and why?; whether the paths of John Whitmore and David Clutterbuck ever crossed, and behind the scenes of the creation of the most important books for the history and development of business coaching and mentoring.
If you have reached this point and have carefully read at least the column entitledCoaching history", you probably already see how multi-threaded is the history of coaching and mentoring development.
We are dealing here with the mutual penetration of many ideas, theories, methods and practices: e.g. psychology, sociology, sport, business management, business consulting, training,
Precisely describing such a multi-threaded story would probably require serious scholarly work and would end up in a multi-volume work. And anyway, it would probably not be possible to capture and unambiguously prove one version of events in many places. Unless it would be possible to talk to all the key people who influenced the development of coaching and mentoring and confront all these versions with each other.
But unfortunately, many of these people are no longer available.
There are actually only three books available worldwide that describe the history of coaching.
Two available in English and one in Spanish. And, interestingly, all of them were released only in the second decade of the 21st century.
The first is a book by Leni Wildflower entitled "The Hidden History of Coaching".
This book is very positively evaluated by such recognized authorities in the field of coaching as prof. David Clutterbuck or Jonathan Passmore. Leni Wildflower herself is an executive coach with a PhD and says she wrote the history of coaching because she is passionate about coaches and is keen to appreciate their stories, as well as noticing the amazing people and movements that came before coaching._cc781905 -5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_
The second book on the history of coaching is a study entitled "Sourcebook of Coaching History"
by Dr. Vikki G. Brock.
Vikki was one of the first coaches in the world to receive the highest level of MCC certification (Master Coach Certificate) from the international organization ICF. She has published numerous articles on the coaching profession, is an adjunct professor in the university's executive certification program, and speaks frequently on the topic of coaching internationally.
In 1995, she left her 21-year career at Boeing Company to start her own business under the name VB Coaching & Consulting. Dr. Brock specializes in bringing coaching skills to business and industry. Since 2005, Vikki's practice has expanded beyond North America to all continents. As she writes about herself: one third of her clients are international leaders committed to creating differences in their country.
The third noteworthy book on the history of coaching is "Historia del coaching" written and published in Spanish by two scientists, Rafael Bisquerra Alzina and Meritxella Obiols Soler.
This book covers a lot of topics and looks at the emergence and development of coaching from very different perspectives. He also devotes a special chapter to people he considers key to the history of coaching, including Carl Rogers, Robert Carkhuff, Tim Gallwey, John Whitmore, Thomas Leonard, Laura Whitworth, Anthony Grant and Werner Erhard.
Rafael Bisquerra Alzina is Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Barcelona. Doctor of Educational Sciences. Master of pedagogy and psychology. Director of master's studies in the field of emotional intelligence in organizations and master's studies in the field of emotional education and well-being.
Meritxell Obiols Soler holds a PhD in Educational Sciences from the University of Barcelona. She is the head of the Postgraduate Study of Coaching in the Work Environment. Specialist in coaching, emotional intelligence and leadership. Senior Professional Coach certified by AECOP, ICF and ASESCO.
Even as to the etymology of the word "coach" (of its origin), there is no unambiguous agreement today.
David Clutterbuck, for example, believes that the word "coach" comes from the English word "coax". And in his opinion, this translates into the persuasive nature of the conversation conducted during the coaching session.
In addition, different scientists mark breakthrough moments in the history of the development of these disciplines differently. Not for everyone Tim Gallwey is the precursor along with his 1974 book "The Inner Game". Others believe that the beginnings of coaching can be found in the monograph published in 1926 "Psychology of Coaching" written by American sports psychologist Coleman Griffith.
I am not a scientist, much less a historian and I do not even try to argue with individual opinions. I do not have the appropriate knowledge and experience for this. My goal, however, is to show the multithreaded historical background, which undoubtedly affects the current state of both coaching and mentoring and is a source of some tension that we can observe between the supporters of both disciplines.
It is also significant that both sectors, in the business sense, are now huge sources of profit, estimated at billions of dollars annually. And that, especially in today's world driven by consumerism and competition, unfortunately has a huge impact.